Empowering billions by utilizing a global and transparent data exchange.
Ends in 114 days 11 hours
Goal: 17,000,000 USD
Price: 1 HART = 0.059 USD
Dominium Blockchain – The one-stop-platform for everything to do with property anywhere in the world!
Ends in 83 days 11 hours
Goal: 17,500,000 USD
Price: 1 DOM = 0.25 EUR
KYC passing required No | Whitelist No | Restriction for countries No
|Price||474 PAT = 1 USD|
|Price in PreICO||717 PAT = 1 USD|
|Minimal investment||1 BTC/20 ETH|
|Bonus in ICO||
Bitnation search trends in Google
and Pangea Arbitration Token (PAT)
The Internet of Sovereignty
Susanne Tarkowski Tempelhof, Eliott Teissonniere, James Fennell Tempelhof and Dana Edwards
Bitnation, Planet Earth, April 2017
The Pangea Software is a Decentralized Opt-In Jurisdiction where Citizens can conduct
peer-to-peer arbitration and create Nations.
Pangea uses the Panthalassa mesh, which is built
using Secure Scuttlebutt (SSB) and Interplanetary File System (IPFS) protocols. This enables
Pangea to be highly resilient and secure, conferring resistance to emergent threats such as high-
performance quantum cryptography. Pangea is blockchain agnostic, but uses the Ethereum
blockchain for the time being. In the future, other chains such as Bitcoin, EOS and Tezos can be
integrated with Pangea.
Pangea Arbitration Token (PAT)
is an ERC20 compatible in-app token for the Pangea
Jurisdiction. The PAT token rewards good reputation, and is issued on Pangea when Citi...
I. BITNATION: A Decentralized Borderless Voluntary Nation (DBVN)
II. The Pangea Jurisdiction: The Internet of Sovereignty
III. Pangea Use Cases
Guide to the Whitepaper
1. The Internet of Sovereignty
1.1 Governance 1.0: A Geographical Apartheid
1.2 Governance 2.0: Borderless, Decentralized, Voluntary
1.3 Enter Pangea
2. Pangea Technology
2.1 Evolution of Pangea
2.2 Under the Hood: The Mesh Network
2.3 Lucy AI and the Exocortex
2.4 The IPFS Contract Registry
2.5 Governance Services: DApps and Chatbots
3. Pangea Arbitration Token (PAT)
3.1 Purpose and Design
3.2 Pangea Reputation System: Proof-of-Agreement Token (PoA)
3.3 Pangea Arbitration Token (PAT): Master Token
3.4 Collective Versus Individual: Proof-of-Collective Token (PoC)
3.5 Contracts, Laws and Legal Code : Proof-of-Nomic Token (PoN)
4. Organisation and Token Distribution
4.1 Organization and PAT Distribution
4.2 Pangea Business Mod...
I. BITNATION Organization: A Decentralized Borderless
Voluntary Nation (DBVN)
FIGURE 1: THE EVOLUTION OF GOVERNANCE (JOHAN NYGREN, 2016)
“Every citizen is sovereign, and has the right to
is at liberty to choose any form of expression or way to be human or
posthuman and with whom to associate and cooperate”
Bitnation Constitution, Article 6
Bitnation’s vision is a global free market for governance services. A post
world of Voluntary Nations, City States and Autonomous Communities which compete for
Citizens by providing a range of opt-in governance services. In our world sovereignty shifts
decisively from the State to the Citizen, and humanity reclaims freedom of choice when
accessing governance services.
This vision sharply contrasts with current world order, where Citizens are forced to compete with
one another to receive their desired governance outcomes - a process that often leads to violence
Consulates, and over 10,000 Citizens on all five continents, a dynamic community of 2000
contributors on our Slack channel. We offer a range of services in-house or in partnership with
1. The Bitnation blockchain Public Notary which is being used for a wide range of purposes -
marriages, wills, birth certificates, company registration, land titles, freelance agreements,
loan agreements and so on;
2. The Bitnation Refugee Emergency Response (BRER), which provides a blockchain ID for
stateless people. BRER’s software won the Grand Prix and Award for Best Idea at the
UNESCO NETEXPLO 2017;
3. Partnerships with third party governance service providers such as Exosphere Education
SpaceChain’s open source space hardware and software program, resilience.me
basic income protocol, and Dragonfly’s physical security service;
Bitnation organized the world’s first Blockchain Marriage and World Citizenship ID,
Blockchain Land Title, Birth Certifi...
II. The Pangea Jurisdiction: The Internet of
“Our operating system, as operating system
s will, has become buggy,
strained, and outdated. Not only are people becoming weary of a system
designed to pit people against each other with a crude majoritarian
calculus, but new systems are being developed to accommodate phase
transition. Indeed, some
of these systems don’t require the permission
of authorities. They arise from technologically connected people”
Max Borders (2017). Director of Idea Accounts and Creative Development
for Emergent Order
In the Pangea Jurisdiction Citizens are able to make peer-to-peer agreements,
resolve disputes, and access governance services from DBVNs, using the legal
code of their preference. In addition, Pangea provides core infrastructure for
other Voluntary Nations. That means Pangea serves as a decentralized
jurisdiction on which Voluntary Nations can be created, joined and lived-in.
The Pangea Arbitration Token (PA...
also benefits from not having any single point of failure in the event of an attack. Human
nodes should be able to reorganize themselves in resilient nodes no matter what part of the
network comes under attack - be it human or other technological factors. In practice, this
means that various clusters, regional or otherwise, are entirely autonomous.
DBVN’s do not limit their services to any specific geographical area, ethnicity
or other categories of populations. They have no borders or ports of entry: no land
aries, airports, coastlines, or seaports. DBVN’s provide services to all areas,
regardless of where it is located. Some would claim that a DBVN is ‘virtual’ by design.
Although virtual-by-design is an intuitive assumption, it does not have to be based entirely
in the virtual world, nor its services.
: DBVN’s do not use force, fraud, or coercion, nor subject their citizens to
involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondag...
an easy way to draw up a contract peer-to-peer, resolve any disputes that may arise, and
incentivize contract compliance through the reputation system.
Private Agreements and Essential Records:
In Uganda, Iran, Chechnya and many other
countries, being homosexual results in prosecution by the government. However, a gay or
lesbian couple might still want to engage in a legal union, in order to protect their assets, by
tying their union to ownership records of, for instance, their land ownership titles, mutual
savings wallets, wills and child care contracts. They can do so on Pangea.
Market for Freelance Arbitrators, Smart Contracts and Laws:
Anyone can sign up as
an arbitrator on Pangea and offer arbitration and mediation services. You could be a Wall
Street lawyer offering to arbitrate complex mergers and acquisitions cases, or a car motor
dealer, offering to resolve second hand car sales disputes. Each arbitrator sets their own fee
rate and availability, and describ...
<Guide to The Whitepaper_
Our whitepaper is targeted at our current community, future users of our technology, PAT
purchasers and other contributors and stakeholders. It is divided into five sections which can be
read together or in isolation:
1. The Internet of Sovereignty: explains why opt-in governance is necessary to enable
humankind to peacefully prosper, and how Bitnation makes this possible with the Pangea
2. The Pangea Technology: provides an overview of our Pangea Jurisdiction software
architecture, technology and features.
3. Pangea Arbitration Token (PAT): details the design and purpose of the Pangea Arbitration
Token and describes how it powers the Pangea Jurisdiction.
4. Organization and Token Distribution
: describes Bitnation’s holacratic
making mechanism, business model, token sale event and development roadmap.
5. Resources: gives instructions for downloading and installing the Pangea pre-Alpha and
links to additional ...
July 14, 2014
BITNATION is founded World's first blockchain marriage, world citizenship ID and other pilots!
First iteration of Pangea Using the Horizon chain. Blockchain land title and birth certificate pilots conducted.
Refugee Emergency Response Blockchain ID, Citizen and Embassy functionalities
Public Notary Created in cooperation with Estonia's e-Residency Program
Public Notary Created in cooperation with Estonia's e-Residency Program
DBVN and Pangea v. 02 Launch of DBVN on Ethereum, DBVN Resource Center, and Pangea v. 02 on SSB
IPFS, PAT and NETEXPLO New IPFS Centric Pangea Backend, PAT Token Design and UNESCO NETEXPLO Award
New Pangea Frontend, Lucy Bot, Oracle and TSE We are here now!