IRIS
IRIS
Token: IRIS


Your Decentralized Electronic Healthcare Record

ICO dates
Start date: 2018-04-27
End date:

Registrated in: Singapore

Platform: Ethereum
Type: ERC20

PREMIUM ICO

IRIS categories
Health
IRIS token sale
KYC passing required Yes | Whitelist Yes | Restriction for countries USA
Token distribution in ICO
70%
70%
Price in PreICO 1 IRIS = 0.024 USD
Minimal investment 2 ETH
Acceppting ETH
IRIS news, social
IRIS search trends in Google
Random whitepaper excerpts

Contents
1 Introduction
3
1.1 Blockchain Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.2 Existing EHR Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.3 This Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2 The Blockchain EHR
5
3 A technical description of the Iris EHR
8
3.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.2 Smart Contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.3 System Nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.4 Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.5 A Use Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4 The Iris Ecosystem
13
4.1 The Iris Token . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.2 Core features of the Iris EHR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
4.3 The Iris Marketplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.4 The Iris Token Exchange . ...

1 Introduction
We present the Iris blockchain network, a decentralized electronic health-
care record (Iris EHR) system currently under development. Using public
key cryptography, a time-stamped, unalterable chain of records is created
by users (“Miners”) who upload personal healthcare data and earn Iris To-
kens. An Iris EHR Marketplace is created to enable interested third parties
to purchase healthcare data from the database using Iris Tokens. Miners or
supporters possessing tokens can further sell them to buyers on existing cryp-
tocurrency exchanges. Blockchain technology ensures sensitive medical data
is decentralized, confidential, robust against deletion or alteration, yet able
to be shared and accessed with ease and rapidity. In this paper, we introduce
the Iris ecosystem, formalize key terms, agents and modes of operation, and
present details of the underlying technology along with use cases.
1.1 Blockchain Technology
Blockchain technology refers to the use of cryptogra...

management systems, which are typically non-shareable between providers,
inaccessible to patients, and vulnerable to data loss and alteration. This
erodes patient trust and potentially makes them unwilling to seek treatment
or disclose sensitive medical information. Perhaps most dangerously, doc-
tors and patients are often unable to obtain the complete and chronological
picture of the care they provide and receive, putting lives at risk.
On the other side of the healthcare spectrum, researchers working to
combat diseases and public health crises need access to current, verified and
consensually provided data from all sections of the population. Currently, the
difficulty of sharing large amounts of data while maintaining confidentiality
means that researchers are restricted to small amounts of data from sources
such as volunteers, surveys and clinical studies. A blockchain network will
generate large, decentralized database of indexed and accurate medical data
which will be invaluable to b...

agents involved in the Iris EHR. Section 4 visualises and describes the Iris
Token as a cryptocurrency, as well as the marketplaces where Iris Tokens can
be bought and traded, while in Section 5 we speculatively explore the future
applications of the technology, with particular focus on the huge potential of
big data analytics of healthcare data. In Section 6 we review our regulatory
compliance and risk management techniques. Section 7 discusses Iris token
allocation procedures. In Section 8 we discuss our Target Markets and in
Section 9 we conclude with a discussion of future work.
2 The Blockchain EHR
In this Section, we present five compelling issues for current EHR infrastruc-
ture which can be alleviated or nullified by the adoption of the blockchain-
based Iris system.
Security and Privacy
In May 2017, a cyber attack on the UK’s National Health Service (the NHS)
brought hospital trusts to their knees, with some disruptions lasting weeks.
While patient records are not ...

blockchain, preventing accidental or malicious content access.
Lastly, security of another kind, namely an unalterable chronological
record of care, is provided by the Iris EHR. In legacy EHR systems, anyone
with access to the EHR can add, alter or delete medical data and records
of interventions; this is not possible in a blockchain implementation, since
transactions are append-only, validated with timestamps and immediately
mirrored across multiple users.
Fragmentation of data
The fragmentation of patient data across both providers’ and insurance com-
panies’ networks prevents doctors and patients from accessing a longitudinal
and comprehensive record of care. This erodes the quality of care, and may
put lives at risk (for example, consider an unconscious patient brought in to
the emergency room, prescribed a medicine she is allergic to in the absence of
access to her records). In addition, it wastes valuable physician time, turning
them into data entry clerks who must duplicate...

epidemic[5], for instance).
System Interoperability
Existing EHR systems are based on credential validation based architectures
in which patient data is kept in separate silos, which other providers (and
indeed patients themselves) have limited powers to access or amend. This
makes the coordination of care across providers extremely difficult and results
in onerous overhead costs.
However, a blockchain EHR would be a major force in the standardization
of EHRs. Under a blockchain EHR the patient can become the primary user
for the transfer of records across providers, and many forms of data can be up-
loaded (for example, from doctors, hospitals, patient self-monitoring devices,
family history and genetic data). EHR formats and credentials can then
be standardized and rendered applicable throughout the entire blockchain,
vastly reducing overheads.
Patient Agency
An increasing amount of attention has been paid to the patient care expe-
rience and on providing patient-focus...

with a full stake in their own recovery and care.
Quality and Quantity of Medical Data
Currently, medical data that is available to be analyzed by interested third
parties is sparse and of poor quality, obtained from clinical studies, surveys
and volunteers. The lack of high quality medical data can slow the pace
of research and hinder public health initiatives, among other undesirable
outcomes.
The Iris ecosystem would revolutionize the supply of medical data by
incentivizing patients and providers to upload valuable medical records to
the Iris EHR. Miners will earn Iris Tokens for such activities, which can be
exchanged for fiat currency or used to finance doctor visits, medications or
health insurance. In addition, a wide range of data not currently available
will be added to the database, since patients will be allowed to transmit data
they have collected via at-home wearable health devices. This data can be
aggregated and anonymized, and sold to interested third parties.

of the ownership of said data. A blockchain such as Ethereum[6] enables the
use of smart contracts, which allow transactions, for example the granting
of an access permission, to be generated and tracked. A block will encode a
patient-provider interaction or relationship, with a pointer to the data (typ-
ically stored in an external database), as well as viewership authorizations.
Data integrity is maintained by including an encrypted hash of the record on
the block, which prevents alteration of the data. The authorization to share
records between providers is given by patients, involving them in their own
care.
A longitudinal log of a patient’s data is implemented using a PD Contract,
which keeps track of all references to a patient’s transactions and relation-
ships with providers. We also ensure identity protection using public key
cryptography, by connecting existing forms of identity such as a national
identity number to a person’s Ethereum address. In the following sections
<...

IRIS Roadmap

1
APR 2017
Concept development.
2
JUN 2017
Initial team formation.
3
JUL 2017
Initial architecture development.
4
AUG 2017
Initial product development.
5
SEP 2017
External council appointed.
6
NOV 2017
$1m in seed funding closed.
7
DEC 2017
Negotiating MOUs.
8
FEB 2018
Web application launched.
9
APR 2018
Pre-Sale Opens.
10
APR 2018
Singapore Market Launch.
11
APR 2018
2,500+ Unique health records stored with IRIS.
12
MAY 2018
Delhi Office opening; India Market Launch; Pre-Sale Ends.

13
JUN 2018
Apple Health kit integration; Apple Watch Integration; 10,000+ unique health records stored with IRIS.


14
JULY 2018
Iris Web application V2 Launch; IRIS Mobile Application Launch; IRIS Public Sale Launch.


15
AUG 2018
Xiaomi Mi Band Integration; Samsung Health Integration.

16
SEP 2018
USA Market Expansion and Office Opening; Fitbit integration.

17
OCT 2018
IRIS Open API Alpha Launch; Mexico Market Expansion; 100,000+ unique healthcare records stored on IRIS.


18
NOV 2018
Launch "Future of Healthcare Conference"; Launch IRIS Ambassador Program.

19
DEC 2018
IRIS Open API Beta Launch; Initiate Development of IRIS Data Exchange Platform; 150,000+ unique healthcare records stored on IRIS.


Justin Fulcher
Justin Fulcher CHAIRMAN AND CEO

Tim Bogle
Tim Bogle GENERAL COUNSEL

Tej Deol
Tej Deol CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER

Naren Katakam
Naren Katakam CREATIVE DIRECTOR

Jae Lee
Jae Lee VP ENGINEERING

Zach Mahon
Zach Mahon BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

Do Nguyen
Do Nguyen SOFTWARE ENGINEER

Nam Nguyen
Nam Nguyen SOFTWARE ENGINEER

Kenny Ki
Kenny Ki SOFTWARE ENGINEER

Andras Kristof
Advisor Andras Kristof SMART CONTRACT DEVELOPER AND TECHNICAL ADVISOR

Andras Kristof
Andras Kristof
SMART CONTRACT DEVELOPER AND TECHNICAL ADVISOR
Technical Advisor
CTO at Yojee, Founder and CEO of Fembusa Terminals Pte Ltd x
Corporate Blockchain Analyst
CTO, Yojee
Chief Technology Officer Yojee Limited
Advisor - Blockchain Architect, ICO Advisor
Akomba Labs, Blockchain Advisor
ANDRAS KRISTOF
ANDRAS KRISTOF
Justin Fulcher
Justin Fulcher
CHAIRMAN AND CEO
Nam Nguyen
Nam Nguyen
SOFTWARE ENGINEER
Lead Mobile Developer