Photon
Photon
Token: Photon


Open, Decentralized Compute Marketplace

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Photon categories
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Photon whitepaper
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Random whitepaper excerpts

Meet Photon
Founded in 2015 by our San Francisco-based team, Photon is an open, de-
centralized marketplace and deployment platform for cloud compute.
The Photon platform provides the following advantages to the three major
parties of the cloud ecosystem —
Compute Providers:
Our open marketplace gives all compute providers
the ability to sell surplus capacity, allowing them to monetize a depreciating
asset while finally competing with the “big three” cloud infrastructure pro-
viders. We define compute providers as any company with spare compute
capacity in on-premise or colocated data centers.
Cloud Infrastructure Customers:
A thriving marketplace of compute
providers drives greater competition, which in turn leads to more affordable
prices.
Application End Users:
Low-latency edge deployment results in better
performance for web-scale applications, which improves the user experience.
The Cloud Infrastructure Industry
Data center capacity, ow...

grip on the industry. This is not only a problem for cloud infrastructure cus-
tomers, it is also a problem for society at large. Because compute costs are
factored into everything we use, these inefficiencies result in an unofficial
compute tax that every consumer must pay.
According to IDC’s “Digital Universe” study, there will be 44 trillion giga-
bytes of data in the world by 2020, with 40% of it being stored on or tran-
sited through the cloud. As we continue to put an ever-increasing amount
of structured and unstructured data onto the cloud, we must ask ourselves
how much power we are willing to give up to large corporations.
Our Mission
The existing landscape primarily serves the interests of the hyperscale
cloud providers whose business models rely on centralized control of com-
pute resources. Therefore, we propose an alternative landscape that bene-
fits the compute providers, the cloud infrastructure consumers, and the end
users who are sitting in front of their compu...

We are building a fair, neutral platform that takes power away from the oli-
gopolists and gives it to market participants of any size. Rather than trust-
ing one large corporation to treat us fairly and keep our workloads safe, we
offer a new hope to the infrastructure industry via a decentralized and open
marketplace for compute providers and consumers.
The Photon Team
The founding team behind Photon has already made an impressive num-
ber of contributions to the tech community. Photon’s CEO Greg Osuri began
his career at IBM and later designed Kaiser Permanente’s first cloud archi-
tecture. After these roles, he co-founded AngelHack, which is now one of
the world’s largest hackathon organizations. Greg is an active open-source
contributor, and his libraries have been downloaded more than 25 million
times.
Photon’s CTO, Adam Bozanich, boasts previous endeavors that include the
music monetization platform Topspin, which was acquired by Apple in 2014
following an initia...

Photon’s Investors + Advisors
Auren Hoffman
Former CEO of LiveRamp. Former
Co-founder of BrightRoll
Steven Fan
Head of Investments,
Tencent
Charles Songhurst
Former Head of Global
Strategy, Microsoft
Jaron Lukasiewicz
Former CEO of Coinsetter
(sold to Kraken)
Brandon Goldman
Founder, Freshpay. Former Lead
Software Architect, Blockfolio
Lee Linden
Co-Founder, Tapjoy and
Karma
Kevin Lin
Co-Founder, COO
Twitch
...

The Photon Platform
Core Features
Our solution leverages underutilized capacity within on-premise and colo-
cated data centers around the world and repurposes it to host container-
ized applications at dramatically reduced costs. Our auction-driven mar-
ketplace matches companies with slack compute capacity, known on the
Photon platform as providers, with tenants that wish to use providers’ re-
sources. These decentralized transactions are carried out with the Photon
token, which is used for staking and payments. In addition to our compute
marketplace, the Photon protocol also provides tenants with a DevOps tool-
set that automates many deployment tasks.
Photon is container-native
The Photon Network uses Linux con-
tainers as its first-class unit of infra-
structure. As developers ourselves, we
aim to provide the DevOps engineers
with a simple yet powerful toolset for
automated integration, deployment
and management, thereby improv-
ing their exper...

Photon is Self-Healing
Tenants and providers are
matched with each other auto-
matically via our unique mar-
ketplace. If a server hosting a
tenant fails, a new lease is au-
tomatically created between
the tenant and a new provider,
to which the workload can au-
tomatically be migrated.
Photon is Distributed
While today’s infrastructure
landscape is dominated by the
big three providers, Photon
proposes a platform in which
any entity can add spare com-
pute capacity to the network.
The result is a truly distributed
global network.
...

Photon is Efficient
Compute capacity is notorious-
ly underutilized. Providers use
Photon to efficiently utilize and
monetize idle capacity, while
retaining the ability to pull ca-
pacity back off the network as
and when they need it.
The Photon Blockchain
Blockchain is at the core of Photon’s technology. All marketplace transac-
tions and adverse events are publicly available on Photon’s native block-
chain. This open system replaces blind trust in a single provider and pro-
vides actors in a trustless system with evidence-based assurance of safety
and quality. Peer-to-peer blockchain-based payments are also a necessary
element of the peer-to-peer relationship established between tenant and
provider, and eliminate dependence on an intermediary incented to extract
maximum revenue from the system. Finally, the decentralized nature of a
blockchain enables Photon’s procurement and settlement to be fault toler-
ant, as there is no single point of failure....

structure. All Photon workloads are isolated in Linux containers pulled from
a tenant’s public or private registry.
Photon’s container-native approach offers significant advantages over oth-
er distributed infrastructure approaches that join disparate resources via a
single blockchain-based virtual machine. Applications need not be re-ar-
chitected to run on blockchain because they’re run in industry-standard
containers and performance does not suffer as more processes are run on
the network.
The Photon Network
Blockchain is at the core of Photon’s technology. All marketplace transacPro-
viders and tenants interact with each of Photon’s three major functional
components:
Marketplace
Blockchain-based compute auction
Mirror
Peer-to-peer sharing of workload and config
Overlay
Secure inter-workload communication channels
The following sections expand on the technology and workflow elements
within each of these components.
...
Greg Osuri
Greg Osuri Founder & CEO

Adam Bozanich
Adam Bozanich Founder & CTO

Aaron Stein
Aaron Stein Software Engineer

Nick Alesandro
Nick Alesandro VP of Product

Allison Silber
Allison Silber Head of Operations

Auren Hoffman
Advisors Auren Hoffman Frm. CEO of LiveRamp. Frm. Co-founder of BrightRoll

Steven Fan
Advisors Steven Fan Head of Investments, Tencent

Charles Songhurst
Advisors Charles Songhurst Frm. Head of Global Strategy, Microsoft

Jaron Lukasiewicz
Advisors Jaron Lukasiewicz Former CEO of Coinsetter (sold to Kraken)

Brandon Goldman
Advisors Brandon Goldman Frm. Founder, Freshpay. Frm. Lead Software Architect, Blockfolio

Lee Linden
Advisors Lee Linden Founder, TapJoy. Serial entrepreneur.

Kevin Lin
Advisors Kevin Lin Co-founder, COO of Twitch

Aaron Stein
Aaron Stein
Software Engineer
Software Engineer
Adam Bozanich
Adam Bozanich
Founder & CTO
Founder & CTO
Allison Silber
Allison Silber
Head of Operations
Head of Operations
Auren Hoffman
Auren Hoffman
Frm. CEO of LiveRamp. Frm. Co-founder of BrightRoll
Frm. CEO of LiveRamp. Frm. Co-founder of BrightRoll
Brandon Goldman
Brandon Goldman
Frm. Founder, Freshpay. Frm. Lead Software Architect, Blockfolio
Frm. Founder, Freshpay. Frm. Lead Software Architect, Blockfolio
Charles Songhurst
Charles Songhurst
Frm. Head of Global Strategy, Microsoft
Frm. Head of Global Strategy, Microsoft
Greg Osuri
Greg Osuri
Founder & CEO
Founder & CEO
Jaron Lukasiewicz
Jaron Lukasiewicz
Former CEO of Coinsetter (sold to Kraken)
Strategic Advisor
Advisor
Former CEO of Coinsetter (sold to Kraken)
CEO @ Autonomos Capital and Coinsetter Coinsetter
Nick Alesandro
Nick Alesandro
VP of Product
VP of Product
Steven Fan
Steven Fan
Head of Investments, Tencent
Head of Investments, Tencent