Token: SPARC

A Distributed Supercomputer

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Registrated in: Canada

Platform: Ethereum

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Soft cap 250,000,000 SPARC
Hard cap 2,500,000,000 SPARC
Tokens for sale 2,500,000,000
Price 1 ETH = 10,000 SPARC
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Executive Summary
The Future of Cloud Computing and SPARC’s Vision
Computing revolution – Migrating to the cloud
Predicted growth of cloud computing market
Growing need for computational power and the urgent need for cloud computing
Sparc’s Mission: A web-based sharing economy of compute power
Decentralized compute platform
Browser-compatible technology
Micro-computations to replace Ads
Recapturing wasteful blockchain computations
Impact on academic and scientific institutions
Use Case Examples: Compute-enabled innovation
Supercomputer redesign of airplane wing
Web traffic and content delivery
Stronger concrete to build the cities of tomorrow
Deflecting an earthbound asteroid with a nuclear bomb
Go to market strategies
Short term
Medium term
Long Term
8 ...

A Sharing Economy of Compute Resources
Executive summary
SPARC aims to become the de facto global standard for web-based distributed computing by seamlessly integrating its Distributed
Compute Protocol (DCP) with the internet protocol suite. Specifically, SPARC will introduce the DCP dynamic layer on top of the
HTTPS/TCP/IP suite effectively transforming computational power into a public utility. In doing so, the SPARC Foundation provides a
specification for a sharing economy of compute resources. The foundation’s mission is to accelerate compute-enabled research and
innovation by providing developers, scientists and engineers with access to otherwise idle compute power through a collaborative
compute network.
SPARC’s web-based network protocol
enables devices to perform computational
work in exchange for SPARC tokens.
As computational problems spiral upwards in complexity and new high-tech fields emerge, developers are seeking
new tools and methods ...

A Sharing Economy of Compute Resources
The Future of Cloud Computing and SPARC’s
Computing revolution – Migrating to the cloud
In this era of exponential data growth, industry and academia are realizing that they must achieve a fundamental transformation in
how operations are run, and innovation is achieved. This transformation will require a change in thinking and an open-mindedness
that may not have been present before. The commoditization of compute power will inevitably result from the convergence of digital
currencies with ubiquitous wireless communication, machine learning, and embedded systems. Already, cloud computing has
become a highly demanded service and is projected to grow exponentially.
Business and Institutions are gradually divesting their data centers and moving application workloads to the cloud. According to the
CSA survey report, in 2016, 60.9% of applications workloads were still in enterprise data centers [1]. By the end of 2017, however,
fewer than half (46.2%) will rema...

A Sharing Economy of Compute Resources
Centralized firms offering IaaS, examples listed in [ Figure 2 ], are emerging in response to this growing global demand
for cloud-based computing services.
Amazon Web Services
Google Cloud Platform
Microsoft Azure
[ Figure 2 ]: Public cloud revenue market share 2017. Source: Gartner 2017.
IBM Softlayer
Growing need for computational
power and the urgent need for
cloud computing
Examples of computation-intensive sectors:
Big Data and Business Analytics (BDA)
Forecasts worldwide revenues for BDA will reach $150.8 billion in 2017, an increase of 12.4% over 2016.
Commercial purchases of BDA-related hardware, software, and services are expected to maintain a CAGR of 11.9%
through 2020 when revenues will be more than $210 billion.
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) researchers and industries

A Sharing Economy of Compute Resources
SPARC’s Mission – A web-based
sharing economy of
computer power
SPARC is a not-for-profit foundation promoting the public sharing of compute resources. Known as collaborative
consumption, (or a sharing economy), it will accelerate compute-enabled research and innovation by providing
developers, scientists and engineers with access to vast reservoirs of under-utilized compute power. Specifically,
SPARC’s Distributed Compute Protocol (DCP) with integrate with the HTTPS/TCP/IP suite enabling standardized
distribution of computations. To achieve this, we will:
Decentralized compute platform
As hardware performance and electronic device proliferation continue to grow exponentially with time, so to does
the value of SPARC’s network in accordance to Metcalf’s law [8]. Traditional centralized computing infrastructure is
static; it is expensive to purchase, operate, maintain and update, and becomes obsolete as computing technology
evolves. SPARC’s de...

A Sharing Economy of Compute Resources
Recapturing wasteful blockchain computations
Existing blockchain currencies are extremely inefficient. For example, in the competition-based process of hashing
a digital transaction on the Bitcoin network, approximately 12,000 peta hashes per second are discarded [10]. This
amount of wasted compute power is equivalent to approximately 128,000x the combined power of the Top 500
Supercomputers. Instead of hashing to determine proof-of-work, SPARC will compensate participant nodes for actual
work performed. The SPARC protocol will effectively recapture wasted computing resources and make them available
to science and industry for the advancement of humankind.
Impact on academic and scientific institutions
Sparc’s network protocol is expected to have an immediate impact in academic and scientific institutions. Interviews
with both senior and junior researchers at academic institutions across the US and Canada confirm that there is an
imperative need for greater access ...

A Sharing Economy of Compute Resources
Use case examples:
Compute-enabled innovation
Web traffic and content delivery
SPARC’s Distributed Compute Protocol is designed to distribute
computational workloads over a network, making it ideal for web
traffic and content delivery applications: “Israel-based Hola is a
popular virtual private network (VPN) provider used by roughly
46 million users worldwide to make tracking their internet activity
more difficult to track. The service is available in both a free and
premium version. The free option routes traffic through other
users of the free service, whereas the premium, paid-for
alternative acts as a standard VPN. As resources are pooled
between users, a free option is possible - but users must allow
their Hola computers to contribute bandwidth and resources to
Hola, which also powers the premium Luminati service.” [11]
Supercomputer redesign of airplane wing
Engineers have used a supercomputing technique

A Sharing Economy of Compute Resources
Deflecting an earthbound asteroid with a nuclear bomb
A well-placed nuclear explosion could actually save humanity from a big asteroid hurtling toward Earth, just like in
the movies, a new study suggests. Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory, a United States Department of
Energy facility in New Mexico, used a supercomputer to model nukes' anti-asteroid effectiveness. They attacked a
1,650-foot-long (500-meter) space rock with a 1-megaton nuclear weapon [11]. In a recent video released by Los Alamos, scientist
Bob Weaver stated:
Ultimately this 1-megaton blast will disrupt all
of the rocks in the rockpile of this asteroid, and
if this were an Earth-crossing asteroid, would
fully mitigate the hazard represented by the
initial asteroid itself,
In the 3-D modeling study, run on 32,000 processors of the Cielo
supercomputer, the blast went off at the asteroid's surface.” [14]
Page 7

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Douglas Stewart
Douglas Stewart Founder, CEO

Greg Agnew
Greg Agnew Founder, CTO, Lead Developer

Daniel Desjardins
Daniel Desjardins VP of Business Development

Eddie Roosenmaallen
Eddie Roosenmaallen Systems Architect

Kc Erb
Kc Erb Computational Mathematics Developer

Anne Vivian-Scott
Anne Vivian-Scott Commercial Advisor

Mack Van Rossem
Mack Van Rossem Research Advisor